While water covers 70% of our planet less than 3% of that water is freshwater. Freshwater is vital to many organisms and is a requirement of life. Lakes, reservoirs, ponds, streams and rivers are abundant with life, such as fish.
There are so many types of freshwater fish species that it can be overwhelming. They each have their habitats and ease of catching. Although freshwater fishing can be enjoyed from shore or from land using a simple tackle set up like rod and reel, bobber, and earthworms, these are additional tips to help you enjoy one of the world’s favorite activities to do outdoors.
- The most important thing you will need will not even be used while you fish. A fishing license is paramount to being able to fish legally. Get caught without one, and you will be in a good amount of trouble.
- Use the Map– When fishing in a freshwater lake or pond you’ll want to get a topographical map of that body of water. This will let you know what and where the different depths of the lake or pond are. Along with that, it may also show you locations of sunken man-made fish cribs.
- Use a Slip Bobber– Using a slip bobber is a common and easy to use setup when fishing in freshwater. A slip bobber is basically a bobber with a hollow hole going through it. This allows you to tie a knot and a stopper above the bobber. The knot allows you to decide where on your line the bobber stops, thus allowing you set any depth you want without having to sacrifice casting quality.
- The Best Bait to Use– The best types of live bait to use in freshwater are worms, minnows, wax worms and soft shell (crayfish). Ultimately you’ll want to use whatever live bait is best for the species of fish you’re trying to catch. Some other types of live bait that are also used are leeches, frogs, and other odd ball type bait. For artificial bait, there are a variety of different types that work. Two brands we recommend are the Z-man and Spro.
- Wash Your Hands– When fishing in water with little salinity you’ll want to make sure you keep your hands clean. Fish have a good sense of smell and any foreign scent on your bait or lures can turn them off.
- Temperature is Important– Most freshwater fish species have specific water temperature and weather they prefer. You’ll want to research the specific fish you’re trying to catch to figure out the best times and water depths to catch them.
- Dehydration - When out on the water, remember to stay hydrated in the Summer sun. Water is your best choice, although sports drinks can help replenish lost electrolytes. Don’t wait until you feel thirsty or have a headache. Drink plenty of water before, during and after your excursion.